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High blood pressure-One of the most chronic disease of present time

 In the recent past survey it is found that the most common disease that affects people all over the world, especially those who are 40 years and above are the more vulnerable is high blood pressure. The normal value of blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg. If the value of blood pressure is more than this, it is termed as case of hypertension. It is an indication that when blood is pumped by the heart it is applying more amount of force when pushes against the walls of the arteries.

Factors causing high blood pressure

There are many factors behind rise of blood pressure and if it stays for a longer period it damages blood vessels. It becomes more challenging to cure if discovered at very later stage.

At times the blood pressure goes unnoticed but in majority of the cases because of lack of awareness. That is why it is always advised to get the blood pressure checked up regularly after the age of 40 years.

Stage1 and Stage 2 blood pressure

If the blood pressure remains more than normal values that is 120/80 mmHg then it is called hypertension. It is further it is classified as stage 1 Hypertension and stage 2 hypertension. If the value remains between 140-159/90-99 then it is stage 1 hypertension and stage 2 hypertension is if it remains in 160 and higher/100. Since in most of the cases the condition does not appear with symptoms one can go through several years without realizing that individual is suffering from hypertension. 

Symptoms of Hypertension

The most common symptoms of hypertension are headache or dizziness. These could be symptoms of any other condition too, however if these symptoms are found in elderly people they must not overlook these conditions and at once go for medical checkup. The other related symptoms are blurred vision rapid heartbeat, chest pain and fast breathings if these symptoms persist at any stage it is advisable to take immediate medical attention.

Common Causes and Risk Factors

The most common factors of hypertension are lack of exercise, food habits and nature of work. Even though these factors can cause hypertension irrespective of age but people over 50 years of age are most affected because of lack of exercise, poor diet and sedentary lives.

In most cases the reason for increased blood pressure in the vessels is unknown, but in the rest of the cases it is caused by other conditions such as diabetes, drug reactions, kidney diseases and hormonal disorders. The elderly people are prone to these health conditions and develop risk of hypertension

Treatment and maintenance

It is rightly said prevention is better than cure. The best way to avoid the condition of hypertension is to have regular exercise, healthy diet habits and an active lifestyle.

However if one is already suffering from hypertension apart from exercise and healthy food habits it is utmost important to have medical advice and take regular medication as advised by your Doctor. In no case this should be taken lightly and show no carelessness in treatment. In the past it was considered risky to treat elderly people for hypertension as the anti-hypertensive medicines tend to lower blood pressure to dangerous levels, but in modern days the safe and very effective medicines are produced specially for elderly people which have no side effects and are safe.

There are following common medicines used to treat hypertension:-

Beta Blockers

Calcium Channel blockers

Diuretics

Nervous Systems Inhibitors

       Most of these medicines are used to relax the blood vessels in order to keep the pressure of blood in the vessels down, hence trying to maintain the blood pressure to desired and safe values.

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